Missing teeth are a big issue for adults. Dentists often face the problem of restoring the lost teeth. Trauma, caries and congenital absence of teeth are common causes of this problem. In such cases, the dentist’s treatment options include a traditional partial fixed prosthesis, resin restoration or implant. While each of these options is acceptable, implant restoration has certain advantages. It allows an aesthetic and functional restoration with long-term predictable results and is the ideal treatment for the replacement of a single tooth in a dentition otherwise impeccable
Bridge on the crowns is more appropriate in the absence of several teeth, particularly anterior that do not receive basic load during chewing.
In some cases it is preferable to choose the implants than the bridge construction:
- If you do not want to install the bridge, sacrificing the adjacent healthy teeth;
- If you do not fit partially removable prosthetics for medical reasons and setting impossible bridges;
When it comes to prosthetics, which will be under strain during chewing.
Modern dental implants
Now screw dental implantsare very common. They are a kind of screws with thread, which is screwed into the bone of the jaw portion. If they successfully take root, you can install crown.
Removable complete prostheses
The complete removable prosthesis, commonly called dentures, is a replacement device for natural teeth. It is said to be complete because the prosthesis replaces all of the teeth, either the upper jaw for a top denture or the lower jaw for a lower denture.
The complete removable prosthesis
The term removable means that the prosthesis can be removed from the mouth for its daily maintenance or simply to sleep. The prostheses are made of acrylic resin or, as in the past, made of porcelain. Teeth obviously imitate natural teeth, but there is also pink acrylic to mimic the gums.
Removable partial prostheses
The removable partial denture, the partial prosthesis, in comparison with the complete prosthesis (denture), is an apparatus for replacing one or more teeth in order to improve phonetics, mastication and aesthetics.
The removable partial denture
Dental technicians manufacture removable partial dentures using measurements, fingerprints and prescriptions from a dentist, a specialist (prosthodontist), or a dent urologist.
The partial part is made of plastic (the teeth and the gum) and a metal structure that allows, with hooks, to keep the partial well in place in the patient’s mouth.
The ceramic-metallic crown, as its name says, is composed of two basic materials: a metal alloy and a dental ceramic. The alloy serves as a base (metal skeleton) to support the ceramic that will cover it. The term “porcelain” is sometimes also used to talk about dental ceramics. The ceramic-metallic method is by far the most used because it has a very long life. It also makes it possible to work under certain more difficult conditions where other manufacturing techniques are not recommended.
The composite resin is used in the form of a paste which must be cured with a light source (photo-polymerization). This is essentially the same material used by dentists to produce “white fillings”. Like the famous “white fillings”, the composite crown has a limited life span than that of the ceramic crown.
The composite allows us to reach an esthetic level comparable to the natural dentition while having an abrasion level close to that of the enamel.